About 1 in 3 adults have HBP. The condition itself usually has no signs or symptoms. You can have it for years without knowing it. During this time, though, HBP can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body.
Knowing your blood pressure numbers is important, even when you're feeling fine. If your blood pressure is normal, you can work with your health care team to keep it that way. If your blood pressure is too high, treatment may help prevent damage to your body's organs.
Blood Pressure Numbers
Blood pressure is measured as systolic (sis-TOL-ik) and diastolic (di-ah-STOL-ik) pressures. "Systolic" refers to blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood. "Diastolic" refers to blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats.
You most often will see blood pressure numbers written with the systolic number above or before the diastolic number, such as 120/80 mmHg. (The mmHg is millimeters of mercury—the units used to measure blood pressure.)
Categories for Blood Pressure Levels in Adults (measured in mmHg)
Category Systolic (top nos) Diastolic (bottom nos)
Hypotension (low blood pressure
90 or less Or 60 or less
Normal Less than 120 And Less than 80
Prehypertension 120 – 139 Or 80 – 89
High Blood Pressure
Stage 1 140 – 159 Or 90 – 99
Stage 2 160 or higher Or 100 or higher
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Your systolic and diastolic numbers may not be in the same blood pressure category. In this case, the more severe category is the one you're in. For example, if your systolic number is 160 and your diastolic number is 80, you have stage 2 HBP. If your systolic number is 120 and your diastolic number is 95, you have stage 1 HBP.
SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Most people with high blood pressure will not experience any symptoms until levels reach about 180/110 mmHg.
High blood pressure symptoms typically include Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Dizziness, Blurred or double vision (diplopia), nosebleeds, Palpitations, breathlessness, shortness of breath.
CAUSES OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Even though there is no identifiable cause for essential high blood pressure, there is strong evidence linking some risk factors to the likelihood of developing the condition. Most of the causes below are essential high blood pressure risk factors, Age, Family history, Ethnic background, Obesity and overweight, Physical inactivity, Smoking, Alcohol intake, High salt intake, High fat diet, Mental stress, Diabetes, Psoriasis, Pregnancy
Complications From HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
If the hypertension is not treated or controlled the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to damage of the blood vessels (cardiovascular disease), as well as vital organs. The following are the list of some of the possible complications of high blood pressure: Stroke, Heart failure, Blood clot, Aneurysm, Kid-ney disease, Eyes (hypertensive retinopathy), Metabolic syndrome, Cognitive and memory problems.
TREATMENTS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Goals of Treatment: The treatment goal for most adults is to get and keep blood pressure to normal or below 140/90 mmHg.
1. Following a Healthy Diet: DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating plan. This focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy and low in fat, cholesterol, and sodium (salt). It also focuses on fat-free or low-fat dairy products, fish, poultry, and nuts. The DASH eating plan is reduced in red meats, sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages. It's rich in nutrients, protein, and fiber. Limit the amount of salt that you eat. You should eat no more than about 1 teaspoon of salt a day. Also, try to limit alcoholic drinks. Too much alcohol will raise your blood pressure. Men should have no more than two alcoholic drinks a day. Women should have no more than one alcoholic drink a day. One drink is a glass of wine, beer, or a small amount of hard liquor.
2. Being Physically Active: Routine physical activity can lower HBP and reduce your risk for other health problems. Talk to your doctor before you start a new exercise plan. Ask him or her how much and what kinds of physical activity are safe for you. People gain health benefits from as little as 60 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week. The more active you are, the more you will benefit.
3. Maintaining a healthy weight can help you control HBP and reduce your risk for other health problems. If you're overweight or obese, aim to reduce your weight by 5 to 10 percent during your first year of treatment. This amount of weight loss can lower your risk for health problems related to HBP. To lose weight, cut back your calorie intake and do more physical activity. Eat smaller portions and choose lower calorie foods. Don't feel that you have to finish the entrees served at restaurants.
4. Quit Smoking. If you smoke or use tobacco, quit. Smoking can damage your blood vessels and raise your risk for HBP. Smoking also can worsen health problems related to HBP. Talk to your doctor about programs and products that can help you quit smoking. Also, try to avoid second-hand smoke. If you have trouble quitting smoking on your own, consider joining a support group. Many hospitals, workplaces, and community groups offer classes to help people quit smoking.
5. Manage Stress. Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve your emotional and physical health. Physical activity helps some people cope with stress. Other people listen to music or focus on something calm or peaceful to reduce stress.
How Can High Blood Pressure Be Prevented?
If you don't have high blood pressure (HBP), you can take steps to prevent it. Healthy lifestyle habits can help you maintain normal blood pressure.
Follow a healthy diet. Limit the amount of sodium (salt) and alcohol that you consume.
Be physically active. Routine physical activity can lower HBP and reduce your risk for other health problems.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Quit smoking. Smoking can damage your blood vessels and raise your risk for HBP. Smoking also can worsen health problems related to HBP.
Learn to manage and cope with stress.
Many people who adopt these healthy lifestyle habits are able to prevent or delay HBP. The more lifestyle changes you make, the more likely you are to lower your blood pressure and avoid related health problems.
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SWISSGARDE PRODUCTS FOR REGULATING HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
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4. Stress Active
Resolving High Blood Pressure Issues: Nature's Remedy For HBP
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